SOFF has been a long-term supporter of the effort to put a globally binding agreement in place that would control trade in conventional weapons. Therefore it is extremely gratifying that the UN Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) now is in place. Many countries have had their own strict national regulations for defence materiel exports of conventional weapons for a long time as Sweden has, and thus they are not affected by the new agreement. But there are also countries where these regulations are nearly nonexistent. This paves the way for unwanted and illegal trade in these weapons, which could be used for internal oppression for example, as well as destabilising security policy. In the long term the treaty will make trade in conventional weapons difficult for countries and companies that act irresponsibly, while quite likely strengthening confidence in the legitimate defence materiel trade that takes place in Sweden for security and defence policy reasons.